Home care is a healthcare service offered in the patient’s home or to promote, keep, or restore quality of life or minimize the impacts of disability and illness. Services can include home healthcare services including medical care; home healthcare support services and personal support services; personal care services and social care services. The most common services include home care assistance, therapy and care management, respite care and palliative care, and behavioral health services. The type of care an individual receives may be from a home care agency or an individual caregiver.
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Services of home health services can also include medical-assistance, prescription drug services, therapeutic care, home care aides, home care educators, home care technicians, home care coaches, home care attendants, and psychosocial services. Health care management services focus on overall prevention of disease; treatment of diseases and conditions; and the organization, administration, and management of health care programs. The scope of home health care services also includes service provision for children and adults with cognitive and mental disabilities. This segment of home care includes geriatric, childhood, and adult home care. The home care agency is an intermediary between the family and health care team.
As a home healthcare provider, a home health aide serves the patient in the home setting and has direct contact with the client. The primary responsibility of a home health aide is to provide personal care and assistance with activities of daily living. Providing this type of supportive care for seniors and the handicapped is demanding and requires extensive training and supervision. In order to participate in a home care agency, the home care aide must meet state certification requirements.